Sample references

Sample of Standards, Guidelines, Protocols, and Position Statements referenced in Lippincott Procedures:

Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses Standards

Accreditation Association for Hospitals and Health Systems.

Agency for HealthCare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Clinical Practice Guidelines

American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing Resources

American Academy of Family Physicians Clinical Practice Guidelines

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry Guidelines

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Guidelines

American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on the Fetus and Newborn statement

AABB Standards for Blood Banks and Transfusion Services

American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC) Clinical Practice Guidelines

American Association for Long Term Care Nursing

American Association of Critical Care Nurses (AACN) Standards and Practice alerts

American College of Cardiology (ACC) Guidelines & Quality Standards

American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists

American College of Physicians Clinical Practice Guidelines

American Diabetes Association Standards

American Geriatrics Society Guidelines

American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines and Practice Standards

American Physical Therapy Association Guidelines

American Psychiatric Association (APA) Task Force Reports

American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice guidelines

American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Guidelines and Standards

American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses Practice Guidelines

Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) Guidelines, Standards and Position Statements

Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN) Standards

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Standards and Guidelines

Core Curriculum for Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing from the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses

Core Curriculum for Neuroscience Nursing from the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses

DNV-GL Healthcare Requirements

Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) Hypertension Guidelines

Emergency Nurses Association (ENA) Standards and Guidelines

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Guidelines

European Society of Cardiology and European Heart Rhythm Association Guidelines on cardiac pacing and cardia resynchronization therapy

Healthcare Facilities Accreditation Program Requirements

Infusion Nurses Society (INS) Standards

Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) Guidelines

Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Guidelines      

Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) Guidelines

Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence and Best Practice Recommendations

National Association of Neonatal Nurses Guidelines and Position Statements

National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses Resources

National Kidney Foundation NKF/KDOQI Guidelines

National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel Guidelines

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Oncology Nurses Society (ONS) Practice Guidelines and Recommendations

Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of American (SHEA) Guidelines

Society of Pediatric Nurses Society of Urologic Nurses and Associates Resources

The Joint Commission’s standards as stated in the Comprehensive accreditation manual for ambulatory care. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission.

The Joint Commission’s standards as stated in the Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Hospitals

The Joint Commission’s standards as stated in the Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Nursing Care Centers

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Standards

U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Standards

World Health Organization (WHO) Standards and Guidelines

Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society (WOCN) Guidelines and Position Statements

Society and National Health Care Guidelines Sample References

American Academy of Pediatrics. (2014). Pediatric clinical practice guidelines and policies: A compendium of evidence-based research for pediatric practice (14th ed.). Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics. (Level VII)

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. (revised 2014). "Guideline on infant oral health care" [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.aapd.org/media/Policies_Guidelines/G_infantOralHealthCare.pdf (Level VII)

American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). (2010). “AARC clinical practice guidelines: Endotracheal suctioning of mechanically ventilated patients with artificial airways 2010”. Respiratory Care, 55, 758–764. Accessed   via the Web at http://www.rcjournal.com/cpgs/pdf/06.10.0758.pdf  (Level IV)

AABB. (2014) Standards for Blood Banks and Transfusion Services, 29th ed. Bethesda, Md.: American Association of Blood Banks.

American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. (2013). “AACN practice alert: Alarm management” [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.aacn.org/wd/practice/docs/practicealerts/alarm-management-practice-alert.pdf (Level VII)

American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. (2016). "AACN practice alert: Family presence during resuscitation and invasive procedures" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.aacn.org/clinical-resources/practice-alerts/family-presence-during-resuscitation-and-invasive-procedures

American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. (2016). "AACN practice alert: Initial and ongoing verification of feeding tube placement in adults” [Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://www.aacn.org/wd/practice/docs/practicealerts/feeding-tube-pa.pdf (Level VII)

American Association of Neuroscience Nurses (AANN). (2014). Care of the patient undergoing intracranial pressure monitoring/external ventricular drainage or lumbar drainage: AANN clinical practice guideline series. Glenview, IL: AANN. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.aann.org/pubs/content/guidelines.html.

American Burn Association. (2013). "American Burn Association White Paper: Surgical Management of the Burn Wound and Use of Skin Substitutes" Journal of Burn Care & Research34(2), p60-e79.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2009, reaffirmed 2015). “ACOG practice bulletin number 106: Intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring: Nomenclature, interpretation, and general management principles”. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 114, 192–202. (Level VII)

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists & Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine. (2014; reaffirmed 2016). "Obstetric care consensus: Safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery" [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.acog.org/-/media/Obstetric-Care-Consensus-Series/oc001.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20151106T1236251701(Level VII)

American College of Surgeons Committee On Trauma. (2015). ACS TQIP: Massive transfusion in trauma guidelines. Accessed  via the Web at https://www.facs.org/~/media/files/quality%20programs/trauma/tqip/massive%20transfusion%20in%20trauma%20guildelines.ashx (Level I)

American Diabetes Association. (2016). “Standards of medical care in diabetes-2016”. Diabetes Care,39, S1, 1-119. Accessed  via the Web at http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/diacare/suppl/2015/12/21/39.Supplement_1.DC2/2016-Standards-of-Care.pdf (Level VII)

American Geriatrics Society. (2015). "American Geriatrics Society 2015 updated Beers Criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults" [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://geriatricscareonline.org/ProductAbstract/american-geriatrics-society-updated-beers-criteria-for-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-older-adults/CL001 (Level VII)

American Heart Association (AHA). (2013). “AHA consensus statement: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality: Improving cardiac resuscitation outcomes both inside and outside the hospital. Circulation128, 417-435. Accessed  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/128/4/417.full (Level VII)

American Heart Association. (2015). “2015 American Heart Association guidelines update for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care”. Circulation, 132, S313-S589. (Level II)

American Physical Therapy Association. (2014). “Guidelines: Physical therapy documentation of patient/client management.” [Online].  Accessed   via the Web at http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/About_Us/Policies/Practice/DocumentationPatientClientManagement.pdf

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

American Society of Anesthesiologists. (2011). "Practice guidelines for preoperative fasting and the use of pharmacologic agents to reduce the risk of pulmonary aspiration: Application to healthy patients undergoing elective procedures" [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/Article.aspx?articleid=1933410 (Level V)

American Society of Anesthesiologists. (revised 2013). “Practice guidelines for management of the difficult airway: An updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Management of Difficult Airway”.  Anesthesiology, 118, 1-20. Accessed via the Web at https://www.guideline.gov/summaries/summary/43897

American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Chronic Pain Management, & American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. (2010, amended 2014). “Practice guidelines for chronic pain management: An updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Chronic Pain Management and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine”. Anesthesiology, 112, 810–833. (Level I)

American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses. (2015). 2015-2017 Perianesthesia nursing standards, practice recommendations and interpretive statements. Cherry Hill, NJ: American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses. (Level VII)

Anderson, D. J., et al. (2014). “SHEA/IDSA practice recommendation: Strategies to prevent surgical site infections in acute care hospitals: 2014 update”. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 35, 605–627. Accessed via the Web at http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/676022 (Level I)

Association of periOperative Registered Nurses. (2015). Guidelines for Perioperative Practice, 2015.  Denver, Co: AORN. (Level IV)

Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). (2014). “APIC implementation guide: Guide to preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections” [Online]. Accessed via the Web  at http://apic.org/Resource_/EliminationGuideForm/6473ab9b-e75c-457a-8d0f-d57d32bc242b/File/APIC_CAUTI_web_0603.pdf (Level IV)

Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). 2015. “APIC implementation guide: Guide to preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections” [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://apic.org/Resource_/TinyMceFileManager/2015/APIC_CLABSI_WEB.pdf (Level IV)

Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). (2010). "An APIC guide 2010: Guide to the elimination of infections in hemodialysis" [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.apic.org/Resource_/EliminationGuideForm/7966d850-0c5a-48ae-9090-a1da00bcf988/File/APIC-Hemodialysis.pdf  (Level IV)

Becker, G. E., et al. (2015, amended 2016). “Methods of milk expression for lactating women”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2015(2), CD006170. (Level I)

Boullata, J. I., et al.  (2016). ASPEN safe practices for enteral nutrition therapy. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 41, 15–103. Accessed via the Web at http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0148607116673053 (Level VII)

Brignole, M., et al. (2013). “2013 ESC guidelines on cardiac pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy: the Task Force on cardiac pacing and resynchronization therapy of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Developed in collaboration with the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)”. European Heart Journal, 34, 2281–2329. (Level VII)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2002). “Guideline for hand hygiene in health-care settings: Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee and the HICPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force”. MMWR Recommendations and Reports, 51(RR-16), 1–45. Accessed via the Web at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr5116.pdf (Level II)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). “Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections “[Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/bsi-guidelines-2011.pdf  (Level I)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2004). Guidelines for preventing health-care-associated pneumonia, 2003: Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee.  MMWR Recommendations and Reports, 53(RR-3), 1–32. Accessed via the Web  at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr5303.pdf (Level II)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, update 2015). "Guidelines for specimen collection"[Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/outbreaks/investigating-outbreaks/specimen-collection.html (Level VII).

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). “Condition of participation: Infection control. 42 C.F.R. § 482.42”. Accessed via the Web at https://www.govregs.com/regulations/title42_chapterIV_part482_subpartC_section482.42

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2014). "Requirements for hospital medication administration, particularly intravenous (IV) medications and post-operative care of patients receiving IV opioids" [Online]. Accessed via the Web   at http://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Provider-Enrollment-and-Certification/SurveyCertificationGenInfo/Downloads/Survey-and-Cert-Letter-14-15.pdf

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Department of Health and Human Services. (2017). “Appendix I: Hospital-acquired conditions (HACS) list” [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.cms.gov/ICD10Manual/version33-fullcode-cms/fullcode_cms/P0386.html

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2014, update 2015). "Interpretive guidelines. State operations manual, appendix PP - Guidance to surveyors for long term care facilities. Federal regulation 483.12" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.cms.gov/Regulations-and-Guidance/Guidance/Manuals/downloads/som107ap_pp_guidelines_ltcf.pdf

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, & The Joint Commission. (2017). "The specifications manual for national hospital inpatient quality measures (version 5.2a.)” [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at https://www.jointcommission.org/specifications_manual_for_national_hospital_inpatient_quality_measures.aspx

Culebras A., et al. (2014). “Summary of evidence-based guideline update: Prevention of stroke in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology.” Neurology, 83, 1220. Accessed via the Web athttp://www.neurology.org/content/82/8/716.full.pdf+html (Level VII)

Degelau, J. et al. (updated 2012). "Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement. Prevention of falls (acute care)" Accessed  via the Web at https://www.icsi.org/_asset/dcn15z/Falls-Interactive0412.pdf

Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. (2010). "Guideline for prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections, 2009" [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/CAUTI/CAUTIguideline2009final.pdf (Level I)

Holmes S. B., & Brown S. J. (2005). National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses guidelines for orthopaedic nursing: Skeletal pin site care. Orthopaedic Nursing, 24, 99–107. (Level VII)

Infusion Nurses Society. (2016). Flushing and locking Journal of Infusion Nursing, 39, S77–S81. (Level VII)

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2012). How-to-guide: Prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (Level VII)

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2012). How-to-guide: Prevent central line-associated bloodstream infections. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement.  (Level VII)

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2012). How-to guide: Prevent surgical site infections. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement.  (Level VII)

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2012). How-to guide: Prevent surgical site infection for hip and knee arthroplasty. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (Level VII)

Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2012). How-to guide: Prevent obstetrical adverse events. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (Level VII)

Institute for Safe Medication Practices. (2015). “ISMP’s list of confused drug names” [Online]. Accessed   via the Web at https://www.ismp.org/tools/confuseddrugnames.pdf  (Level VII)

Institute for Safe Medication Practices. (2014). “ISMP's list of high-alert medications in acute care settings” [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.ismp.org/tools/institutionalhighAlert.asp (Level VII)

Institute for Safe Medication Practices. (2012). Side tracks on the safety express: Interruptions lead to errors and unfinished...Wait what was I doing? Nurse Advise-ERR, 11, 1–4. Accessed via the Web at https://www.ismp.org/Newsletters/acutecare/showarticle.aspx?id=37

Institute for Safe Medication Practices. (2016). “2016-2017 targeted medication safety best practices for hospitals” [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.ismp.org/tools/bestpractices/TMSBP-for-Hospitals.pdf

James, P.A., et al. (2014). "2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: Report from the panel members appointed to the eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8)" Journal of the American Medical Association, 311(5), pages 507-520. [Online] Accessed via the Webb at http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/1791497 (Level-II)

Jarrett, N., & Callaham, M. (2016). "Evidence-based guidelines for selected hospital-acquired conditions: Final report" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Medicare-Fee-for-Service-Payment/HospitalAcqCond/Downloads/2016-HAC-Report.pdf

The Joint Commission. (2013). “Sentinel event alert: Medical device alarm safety in hospitals” [Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/18/SEA_50_alarms_4_5_13_FINAL1.PDF

The Joint Commission. (2014). “Sentinel event alert 53: Managing risk during transition to new ISO tubing connector standards” [Online]. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/6/SEA_53_Connectors_8_19_14_final.pdf (Level VII)

Klompas, M., et al. (2014).  Strategies to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia in acute care hospitals: 2014 update. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 35, 915–936. Accessed via the Web at http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/677144. (Level I)

LeBlanc, K., et al. (2013). International skin tear advisory panel: A tool kit to aid in the prevention, assessment, and treatment of skin tears using a simplified classification system. Advances in Skin & Wound Care, 26, 459-476. Accessed via the Web at http://journals.lww.com/aswcjournal/Pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2013&issue=10000&article=00007&type=Fulltext  (Level IV)

Lo, E., et al. (2014). SHEA/IDSA practice recommendation: Strategies to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infections in acute care hospitals: 2014 update. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 35, 464–479. Accessed via the Web at http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/675718 (Level I)

Marschall, J., et al. (2014). SHEA/IDSA practice recommendation: Strategies to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infections in acute care hospitals. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 35, 753–771. Accessed via the Web at http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/676533 (Level I)

Massad, S. L., et al. (2013). 2012 updated consensus guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical cancer screening tests and cancer precursors. Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, 17, S1–S27. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.asccp.org/asccp-guidelines (Level II)

National Certification Corporation (2010). NICHD definitions and classifications: Application to electronic fetal monitoring interpretation guidelines. [Online] Accessed via the Web at  https://www.nccwebsite.org/resources/docs/final_ncc_monograph_web-4-29-10.pdf (Level VII) 

National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). (2013). NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: Adult cancer pain. Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, 11, 992–1022. (Level VII)

National Kidney Foundation. KDOQI Clinical Practice Guideline for Diabetes and CKD: 2012 update. American Journal of Kidney Disease, 60, 850-886. Accessed via the web at https://www.kidney.org/sites/default/files/docs/diabetes-ckd-update-2012.pdf (Level I)

National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, et al. (2014). "Prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers: Quick reference guide" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://www.npuap.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Quick-Reference-Guide-DIGITAL-NPUAP-EPUAP-PPPIA.pdf  (Level VII)

Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (n.d.). "Bloodborne pathogens, standard number 1910.1030" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_id=10051&p_table=STANDARDS (Level VII)

Perry, D., et al. (2012, reviewed 2014). "Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement: Pressure ulcer prevention and treatment protocol, 3rd Edition" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.icsi.org/_asset/6t7kxy/PressureUlcer.pdf (Level VII)

Polovich, M., et al., (Eds.). (2014). Chemotherapy and biotherapy guidelines and recommendations for practice (4th ed.). Pittsburgh, PA: Oncology Nursing Society.

Redmon, B., et.al. (2014). “Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement Healthcare guideline: Diagnosis and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults” [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.icsi.org/_asset/3rrm36/Diabetes.pdf. (Level II)

Restrepo, R. D., & Walsh, B. K. (2012). “AARC clinical practice guideline: Humidification during invasive and noninvasive mechanical ventilation: 2012”. Respiratory Care, 57, 782–788. Accessed via the Web at http://rc.rcjournal.com/content/57/5/782.full.pdf. (Level II)

Rutala, W. A., et al. (2008). "Guideline for disinfection and sterilization in healthcare facilities, 2008" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/Disinfection_Nov_2008.pdf (Level I)

Siegel J. D., et al. (2007). "2007 guideline for isolation precautions: Preventing transmission of infectious agents in healthcare settings" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/Disinfection_Nov_2008.pdf (Level II)

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Hospital Bed Safety Workgroup. (2010, updated 2014). "A guide to bed safety—bed rails in hospitals, nursing homes and home health care: The facts" [Online]. Accessed   via the Web at https://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/GeneralHospitalDevicesandSupplies/HospitalBeds/ucm123676.htm

Van Wicklin, S. A., & Conner, R. (2017). Guideline for sterile technique. In R. Conner (Ed.). Guidelines for perioperative practice 2017 edition. Denver, CO: AORN, Inc. (Level VII)

Walden, M. & Gibbins, S. (Eds.). (2012). Newborn pain assessment and management: Guideline for practice (3rd ed.). Glenview, IL: National Association of Neonatal Nurses. (Level VII)

World Health Organization. (2010). "WHO best practices for injections and related procedures toolkit" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241599252_eng.pdf

World Health Organization. (2009). "WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care: First global patient safety challenge, clean care is safer care" [Online]. Accessed 2016 via the Web at http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/44102/1/9789241597906_eng.pdf (Level IV)

Wound Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society (WOCN). (2016). Guideline for prevention and management of pressure ulcers (injuries): WOCN clinical practice guideline series 2. Mount Laurel, NJ; WOCN. Accessed via the Web at https://guideline.gov/summaries/summary/50473/guideline-for-prevention-and-management-of-pressure-ulcers-injuries

Evidence-based Reference Samples

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, & U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2012- revised 2014). “On the CUSP: Stop CAUTI implementation guide” [Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://web.mhanet.com/cauti-implementation_guide_508.pdf (Level V)  

Alfirevic, Z. et al. (2016). Methods to induce labour: A systematic review, network meta-analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 123, 1462–70. (Level I).

Ananth, C. V., & Kinzler, W. L. (2015, updated 2017). Placental abruption: Clinical features and diagnosis. In: UpToDate, Lockwood, C. J., & Barss, V. S. (Eds.). Accessed via the Web at http://www.uptodate.com/contents/search

Cleland, H., et al. (2014). “Clinical application and viability of cryopreserved cadaveric skin allografts in severe burn: A retrospective analysis”. Burns, 40, 61–66. (Level VII)

Conrad, S. A., et al. (2015). “Percutaneous cannulation for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation by intensivists: A retrospective single-institution case series”. Critical Care Medicine, 42, 1010–1015. (Level IV)

DeCrane, S. K., et al. (2014). “Pain, opioids, and confusion after arthroplasty in older adults”. Orthopaedic Nursing, 33(4), 226–232. (Level IV)

Dumville, J. C., et al. (2015). “Alginate dressings for treating pressure ulcers”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2015(5), CD011277. (Level II)

Dungan, K. M., et al. (2015). “A comparison of continuous intravenous insulin and subcutaneous insulin among patients with type 2 diabetes and congestive heart failure exacerbation”. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 31, 93–101. (Level II)

ECRI Institute. (2012, updated 2016). "Emerging technology report: Fecal microbiota transplantation for treating recurrent Clostridium difficile infection" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.ecri.org/components/Target/Pages/12037.aspx?tab=2# (Level VII)

Fadel, M., et al. (2015).”Ilizarov external fixation versus plate osteosynthesis in the management of extra-articular fractures of the distal tibia. International Orthopaedics, 39, 513–519. (Level II)

Ganz, D. A., et al. (2013). “Preventing falls in hospitals: A toolkit for improving quality of care (AHRQ Publication No. 13-0015-EF)” [Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/systems/hospital/fallpxtoolkit/fallpxtoolkit.pdf (Level VII)

Harvey, L. A., et al. (2014). “Continuous passive motion following total knee arthroplasty in people with arthritis”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2014(2), CD004260. (Level I)

Hempel, S., et al. (2015). “Wrong-site surgery, retained surgical items, and surgical fires: A systematic review of surgical never events”. JAMA Surgery, 150, 796–805. (Level I)

Hofmeyr, G. J., et al. (2014). “Amnioinfusion for meconium-stained liquor in labour”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2014(1), CD000014. (Level I)

Hopkins, U. & Aria, C. (2013). “Large-volume IM injections: A review of best practices”. Oncology Nurse advisor, January/February 2013, 32-37. Accessed via the web at http://media.oncologynurseadvisor.com/documents/44/ona_feature0213_injections_10767.pdf.

Hurlbert, R. J., et al. (2013). “Pharmacological therapy for acute spinal cord injury”. Neurosurgery, 72(Suppl. 2), 93–105. (Level I)

Källman U., & Lindgren, M. (2014). “Predictive validity of 4 risk assessment scales for prediction of pressure ulcer development in a hospital setting”. Advances in Skin & Wound Care, 27, 70–76. (Level VI)

Kelly, M., et al. (2010).” Heated humidification versus heat and moisture exchangers for ventilated adults and children”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2010(4), CD004711. (Level I)

King, T. L. & Pinger, W. (2014).” Evidence-based practice for intrapartum care: The pearls of midwifery”. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, 59, 572–585.

Lorenzo, M. J., et al. (2014).”Quality-of-life assessment in malignant pleural effusion treated with indwelling pleural catheter: A prospective study”. Palliative Medicine, 28, 326–334. (Level IV)

Marik, P. E., et al. (2013). “The use of bioreactance and carotid Doppler to determine volume responsiveness and blood flow redistribution following passive leg raising in hemodynamically unstable patients”. Chest, 143 (2), 364–370. (Level VI)

Mau-Moeller, A., et al. (2014). “The effect of continuous passive motion and sling exercise training on clinical and functional outcomes following total knee arthroplasty: A randomized active-controlled clinical study”. Health and Quality Of Life Outcomes, 12, 68. (Level II)

Myers, H. I., et al. (2015). “A retrospective study of administration of vaccination for hepatitis B among newborn infants prior to discharge at a midwestern tertiary care center”. Vaccine, 33, 2316–2321. (Level VI)

O'Meara, S., et al. (2012). “Compression for venous leg ulcers”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(11), CD000265. (Level I)

Page, M. J., et al. (2012). “Splinting for carpal tunnel syndrome”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(7), CD010003. (Level I)

Parish, C. L., et al. (2014). “Addressing the oral healthcare needs of special needs children: Pediatric nurses' self-perceived effectiveness”. Special Care in Dentistry, 34, 88–95. (Level VI)

Reiffel, A. J. (2013). “A multi-disciplinary review of the potential association between closed-suction drains and surgical site infection”. Surgical Infections, 14, 244–269. (Level V)

Schweizer, M. L., et al. (2015). “Association of a bundled intervention with surgical site infections among patients undergoing cardiac, hip, or knee surgery”. JAMA, 313, 2162–2171. (Level IV)

Specht, K., et al. (2015). “Nursing in fast-track total hip and knee arthroplasty: A retrospective study”. International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing, 19, 121–130. (Level IV)

Taenzer, A. H., et al. (2010). “Impact of pulse oximetry surveillance on rescue events and intensive care unit transfers: A before-and-after concurrence study”. Anesthesiology, 112, 282–287. (Level VI)

Ulrich, B. (2015). “Near misses and close calls: What they are and why you should report them”. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 42, 205–206. (Level VII)

U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women. (2013). "A national protocol for sexual assault medical forensic examinations" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ovw/241903.pdf (Level VII)

Waters, T. R., et al. (2009). "Safe patient handling training for schools of nursing" [Online]. Accessed via the Web at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2009-127/pdfs/2009-127.pdf (Level VII)

Vloemans, A. F., et al. (2014). “Optimal treatment of partial thickness burns in children: A systematic review”. Burns, 40, 177–190. (Level I)

Wei, S., et al. (2012). “Early amniotomy and early oxytocin for prevention of or therapy for, delay in first stage spontaneous labour compared with routine care”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(9), CD006794. (Level I)

Westbrook, J., et al. (2010). “Association of interruptions with an increased risk of severity of medication administration errors”. Archives of Internal Medicine, 170, 683–690. (Level IV)

Winkle, R. A., et al. (2014).”Peri-procedural interrupted oral anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation ablation: Comparison of aspirin, warfarin, dabigatran, and rivaroxaban”. Europace, 16, 1443–1449. Accessed  via the Web at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4178475/ (Level VI)

Wu, J. P., & Pickle, S. (2014). “Extended use of intrauterine device: A literature review and recommendations for clinical practice”. Contraception, 89, 453–503. (Level V)

Yang, M., et al. (2013). “Chest physiotherapy for pneumonia in adults”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2013(2), Art. No. CD006338. (Level I)

Zaino, C. J., et al. (2015). “The effectiveness of bivavling, cast spreading, and webril cutting to reduce cast pressure in a fiberglass short arm cast”. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery in America, 97A, 374–380. (Level II)

Textbook and Reference Book Samples

American Academy of Pediatrics and American Heart Association. (2016). Textbook of Neonatal Resuscitation (7th ed.). Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

American Osteopathic Association. (2014). Healthcare Facilities Accreditation Program: Accreditation standards for acute care hospitals. Chicago, IL: American Osteopathic Association. (Level VII)

Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses. (2016). Core curriculum for maternal-newborn nursing (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders.

Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). (2013. High-risk & critical care obstetrics (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Baranoski, S., & Ayello, E. A. (2016). Wound care essentials: Practice principles (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Bickley, L. S. (2017). Bates' guide to physical examination and history taking (12th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Bindler, R. C., et al. (2017). Clinical skills manual for maternal and child nursing care (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bowden, V., & Greenberg, C. (2014). Children and their families: The continuum of nursing care (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Bowden, V. R., & Greenberg, C. S. (2015). Pediatric nursing procedures (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Boyd, M. A. (2014). Psychiatric nursing: contemporary practice (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Burns, S. (2014). AACN Essentials of Critical Care Nursing (3rd ed.) China: McGraw-Hill Professional.

Craven, H. (Ed.) (2016). Core curriculum for medical-surgical nursing (5th ed.). Pitman, NJ: Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses.

Craven, R. F., & Hirnle, C. J. (2016). Fundamentals of nursing: Human health and function (8th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Davis, J., & Shay-Zapien, G. (Eds.). (2012). Templates for protocols and procedures for maternity services (3rd ed.).  Washington, DC: Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses.

DNV GL-Healthcare USA, Inc. (2014). NIAHO® accreditation requirements: Interpretive guidelines & surveyor guidance (version 11). Milford, OH: DNV GL-Healthcare USA, Inc. (Level VII)

Domino, F. J. (2017). The 5-minute clinical consult (25th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer

Emergency Nurses Association. (2013). Sheehy's manual of emergency care (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby

Emergency Nurses Association. (2014). Trauma nursing core course provider manual (7th ed.). Des Plaines, IL: Emergency Nurses Association.

Fischbach, F., & Dunning, M. B. (2015). A manual of laboratory and diagnostic tests (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Gardner, S. L., et al. (2015). Merenstein & Gardner's handbook of neonatal intensive care (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Halter, M. J., et al. (2014). Varcarolis’ foundations of psychiatric mental health nursing: A clinical approach (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders.

Hinkle, J. L. & Cheever, K. H. (2014). Brunner & Suddarth’s textbook of medical-surgical nursing (13th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Hickey, J. V. (2014). The clinical practice of neurological & neurosurgical nursing (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Hockenberry, M. J. & Wilson, D. (2016). Wong’s essentials of pediatric nursing (10th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Ikuta, L. M., & Beauman, S. S. (Eds.). (2011). Policies, procedures, and competencies for neonatal nursing care. Glenview, IL: National Association of Neonatal Nurses.

Infusion Nurses Society. (2010). Infusion nursing: An evidence-based approach (3rd ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders.st

Infusion Nurses Society.  (2014). Core curriculum for infusion nursing (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Infusion Nurses Society. (2016). Policies and procedures for infusion therapy (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Infusion Nurses Society.

Infusion Nurses Society. (2017). Policies and procedures for infusion therapy of the older adult (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Infusion Nurses Society.

Infusion Nurses Society. (2017). Policies and procedures for infusion therapy: Neonate to adolescent (2nd ed.).  Boston, MA: Infusion Nurses Society.

Kenner, C. & Lott, J. (2014) Comprehensive Neonatal Nursing Care, (5th ed.). New York, NY Springer Publishing Company, LLC.

Kacmarek, R. M. (2017). Egan's fundamentals of respiratory care (11th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Wiegand, D. L. (Ed.). (2017). AACN procedure manual for high acuity, progressive, and critical care (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders.

Mohr, W. K. (2013). Psychiatric-mental health nursing: Evidence-based concepts, skills, and practices (8th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Nettina, S. (2014). Lippincott manual of nursing practice (10th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Olson, K. A. (2015). Manual physical therapy of the spine (2nd ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders.

Phillips, N. (2017). Berry and Kohn’s operating room technique (13th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Pillitteri, A. (2014). Maternal & child health nursing: Care of the childbearing & childrearing family (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Rothrock, J. C. (2015). Alexander's care of the surgical patient (15th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Simpson, K. R., & Creehan, P. A. (2014). AWHONN perinatal nursing (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Taylor, C., et al. (2015). Fundamentals of nursing: The art and science of nursing care (8th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Townsend, M. (2015). Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing: Concepts of Care in Evidence-Based Practice (8th ed.)Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company.

The Joint Commission. (2017). Comprehensive accreditation manual for ambulatory care. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission.

The Joint Commission. (2017). Comprehensive accreditation manual for hospitals. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission.

The Joint Commission.(2017). Comprehensive accreditation manual for nursing care centers: The guide to powering performance excellence in your organization. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission.

Verger, J. T., & Lebet, R. M. (Eds.). (2008). AACN procedure manual for pediatric acute and critical care. St. Louis, MO: Saunders.

Verklan, M. T., & Walden, M. (Eds.). (2015). Core curriculum for neonatal intensive care nursing (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

Videbeck, S. L. (2016). Psychiatric-mental health nursing (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.